Orbis International is an international non-profit non-governmental organization (NGO) dedicated to saving sight worldwide. Its programs focus on the prevention of blindness and the treatment of blinding eye diseases in developing countries through hands-on training, public health education, advocacy and local partnerships. Since 1982, Orbis capacity-building programs have enhanced the skills of 325,000 eye care personnel and provided medical and optical treatment to more than 23.3 million people in 92 countries. It is headquartered in New York, with offices in Toronto, London, Dublin, Hong Kong, Macau, Shanghai, Singapore and Cape Town.

Orbis’ programs emphasise skills, training and self-sufficiency. The organisation spends approximately a year planning and coordinating with partner hospitals and local organisations, making preliminary visits to observe the local medical teams. The Flying Eye Hospital not only provides training, but also equipment and surgical supplies to ensure that the local medical teams are equipped with skills and supplies long after the flying eye hospital has left the program site. It ensures that other patients who are in need of treatment are able to get the treatment even after the hospital has departed. Cybersight, Orbis’ telemedicine program, continues the training and mentoring relationships even after the Flying Eye Hospital has left the program site. Orbis’ intervention are tailored to local needs; Orbis trains local doctors in low-tech, low-cost yet effective methods to correct diseases of the eyes. In addition to the Flying Eye Hospital, Orbis operates hospital-based programs in several countries and works with local medical research and health-care organizations on blindness prevention and eye disease treatment.

Orbis is a founding partner, along with the World Health Organization, of VISION 2020: The Right to Sight, “a worldwide concerted effort designed to eliminate avoidable blindness by the year 2020.”

Lions Aravind Institute of Community Ophthalmology (LAICO) is the training and consulting arm of Aravind Eye Care System. Aravind Eye Hospitals handle over 3.7 million outpatient visits and perform over 400,000 surgeries each year making it the largest eye care provider in the world. Over 50% of this is provided either free or steeply subsidized to the patient, while ensuring all patients are accorded the same high quality of care. Aravind’s innovative eye care delivery system is recognized as a model for other developing countries.

LAICO was established in 1992 with the mandate to support eye care programmes globally through consultancy and capacity building, management training and research. Activities also include offering IT based products and services as well as being of service to INGOs and Governments. For over two decades, LAICO has been working in a comprehensive manner with individuals involved in eye care, eye hospitals, and agencies supporting eye care and policy makers in the Government. A lot of progress had been made over the years creating significant impact.

LAICO has worked with over 300 hospitals in India and other developing countries, and has trained over 2000 professionals from 70 countries. It is conservatively estimated that LAICO’s work has resulted in an additional 700,000 surgeries annually.

Partners For Equity was established in 2015 to provide aid to communities (predominantly in developing countries) that are disadvantaged or in poverty. They enter into partnerships based on equality and mutual respect with non-government, community-based, local organisations to implement and sustain such aid.


The International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) was established in 1975 as a coordinating, umbrella organisation to lead international efforts in blindness prevention activities. Its first major achievement was to promote the establishment of a WHO programme for prevention of blindness, with which it has remained strongly linked, and which is now embodied in the global initiative, VISION 2020: The Right to Sight.


BRAC, an international development organisation based in Bangladesh, is the largest non-governmental development organisation in the world, in terms of number of employees as of September 2016. Established by Sir Fazle Hasan Abed in 1972 after the independence of Bangladesh, BRAC is present in all 64 districts of Bangladesh as well as 13 other countries in Asia, Africa, and the Americas.

BRAC states that it employs over 100,000 people, roughly 70 percent of whom are women, and that it reaches more than 126 million people with its services. The organisation is partly self-funded through a number of social enterprises that include a dairy and food project, a chain of retail handicraft stores called Aarong, seed and Agro, and chicken. BRAC has operations in 14 countries of the world.

The Glencoe Foundation partnered with the Deep Eye Foundation at Rangpur and the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists (RANZCO) to offer free cataract operations. In 2014, about 637 operations were completed and in 2015, 1548 operations have completed.In addition, about 3134 spectacles were distributed.


Islamic Relief is an international aid agency that provides humanitarian relief and development programmes in over 30 countries, serving communities in need regardless of race, political affiliation, gender or belief. Founded in 1984 in the UK, it has international headquarters in Birmingham (Islamic Relief Worldwide) and a network of national offices, affiliated partners, registered branches and field offices spanning 50 countries. Its income in 2018 was £128 million, and it is the largest independent international aid agency inspired by Islamic humanitarian values.Islamic Relief’s key areas of work are humanitarian relief and disaster preparedness; development programmes that improve access to sustainable livelihoods, healthcare, education, water, sanitation and hygiene; and advocating on behalf of those in need.

The Chars Livelihoods Programme (CLP) works with extreme poor households living on island chars in north western Bangladesh, and aims to improve the livelihoods of over one million people. The CLP is jointly funded by UKaid through the Department for International Development and the Australian Government (Australian Aid) through the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), sponsored by the Rural Development and Co-operatives Division of the Government of Bangladesh’s Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives, and implemented through Maxwell Stamp Plc.

Rotary is a global network of 1.2 million neighbors, friends, leaders, and problem-solvers who see a world where people unite and take action to create lasting change – across the globe, in their communities, and in themselves. Solving real problems takes real commitment and vision. For more than 110 years, Rotary’s people of action have used their passion, energy, and intelligence to take action on sustainable projects. From literacy and peace to water and health, they are always working to better our world, and they stay committed to the end.

The RANZCO Eye Foundation is a not-for-profit eye health organisation founded in 2002 by the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists (RANZCO) and the Ophthalmic Research Institute of Australia (ORIA). The RANZCO Eye Foundation represents more than 890 medical eye specialists (ophthalmologists) in Australia and New Zealand who provide services to more than 200,000 patients each year. Rather than focusing on a single eye disease or cause of blindness, The Foundation has chosen to seed fund ground for breaking research into many of the major causes of blindness and also to fund sustainable eye care programs in disadvantaged communities both in Australia and internationally.

The Leprosy Mission (TLM) is an international Christian organisation which helps people affected by leprosy. Founded in 1874, The Leprosy Mission is the oldest and largest leprosy-focused organisation in the world today.
Their vision is for ‘leprosy defeated, lives transformed’. This is why their main focus is on leprosy, however, their work often includes other people with disabilities, other neglected tropical diseases, other marginalised people in society, and those living in extreme poverty. Around the world they have about 2,000 staff and implement or support projects in 18 countries. The largest number of projects is in India, but there are also a significant number in Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nigeria and Nepal. Increasingly the Mission seeks to work with partners as well as implementing projects directly.